Over the years I’ve observed thousands of individuals training in almost every kind of fitness center. Watching someone work out, it is simple to very quickly evaluate the level of their experience. Advanced lifters are easy to spot by their intensity and attention to form and focus. Intermediate trainees show signs of progress although they are generally found chatting round the squat rack.
In the 3rd and largest group are newbies and usually they may be completely lost. They don’t understand the principles of weight training, don’t have an idea and don’t know how to perform the basic movements. Each goes through the motions haphazardly, flirt with injury, see minimal improvement and usually drop out. IT DOESN’T HAVE TO BE THAT WAY! The fundamental principles of weight training exercise are simple.
Here will be the top five that will take you a long way toward becoming slim, strong and fit. 1. FUNCTION and FORM. You have to understand the movement and the purpose of each exercise. Books or videos are good learning tools if you focus on the details. Overlook the “muscle mags”. The quickest way to get off to an excellent start is to hire an experienced accredited personal trainer who is willing to teach you how to lift.
With each exercise, be sure you understand exactly which muscles you are training and figure out how to feel them work. 2. SLOW DOWN. That is related to create but deserves special attention. Throughout the entire exercise, you must be in complete control of the weight. Most trainees perform the movements prematurely.
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When you swing much weight out of control you raise the risk of damage, but you also allow inertia to do the work of fully challenging the muscle instead. TEMPO is important. Because most trainees use a weight that is overweight, they perform the exercises with jerky and rushed motions. SLOW DOWN. An excellent norm is to lower the weight to a count number of three (3), increase powerfully to a count of 1 (1) and pause in the contracted position for a one (1) count before decreasing again. This is indicated as a 3.1.1 cadence.
3. COMPOUND EXERCISES. Trash your body building magazines that show champions doing hundreds of bicep curls and focus on exercises that develop full-body power and fitness. Additionally, many people are concerned with burning up calories and slimming down. That is done by emphasizing basic, chemical substance exercises. These are those that work the body’s largest muscle groups in conjunction with one another. Primary muscles are the quadriceps, hamstrings, gluteus, back again, chest and shoulders.
The primary compound exercises are squats, deadlifts, bench presses, rowing and over head presses. DO NOT waste time doing isolation exercises for biceps, triceps, forearms and the individual small muscles of the shoulder. They are worked well as part of the large substance actions sufficiently. 4. UTILIZE THE CORRECT WEIGHT. Beginners use too little weight and then, if they are bold, improvement to using weights that are overweight. The definition of the correct weight is one which challenges one to work VERY HARD on the last repetition of your exercise but gives you to do so in PERFECT FORM.
If the weight is too light you won’t overload the muscle sufficiently to activate growth. If the weight is too heavy you will cheat, swinging and swaying and allowing inertia to do the ongoing work for you. 5. EXERCISE PATIENCE and PERSISTENCE. All good stuff are earned and devote some time.